Man RAY 1890 - 1976
Man Ray, born Emmanuel Radnitzky, was the most well-known representative of avant-garde photography in 1930 and is regarded as a pioneer of Surrealist photography. His work is extremely eclectic - as painter, sculptor, object artist, film maker and photographer, he is part of the Dada and Surrealist movements.
From 1897 Man Ray lived in New York. He took art evening classes, from 1911 worked as a map illustrator, and also began painting and sculpting. In 1921 he moved to Paris and met the Surrealists. Man Ray the photographer was self-taught. He earnt money with reproductions and portraits of his artist friends. By 1922 he had opened his own studio and was elevated to the role of official photographer of the avant-garde. From 1919, Man Ray experimented intensively with photographic techniques (Sandwich montage, double exposure, photo collage).
In 1921 he created his first photograms ("Rayographs" "Rayogrammes").
From 1922, Man Ray also worked as a fashion photographer for "Vogue", and "Vanity Fair", amongst others.
In 1940 Man Ray emigrated to the USA, and thereafter gradually lost interest in photography. His work was recognised and won awards in various exhibitions (including "Gold Medal for Photography" in the 1961 Venice Biennale, The DGPh cultural award in 1966). In 1946 he married Juliet Browner with whom he returned to Paris, where he lived from 1951 until his death on November 18th 1976.