Harold T'Kint
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Ossip ZADKINE

1890 - 1967
  • Works

    • Hercule and Hydra
  • Ossip ZADKINE 1890 - 1967

    1890
    Zadkine was born on the 14th of July in Vitebsk, a city in Belarussia.

    1905
    His parents send him to Sunderland, in the North of England, where his mother's family lives. He studies English and attends modelling courses at the local Art School.

    1905-1909
    He travels to London without his parents permission where he attends courses at the Regent Street Polytechnicum. He visits the British Museum and studies classical sculpture there. Returns to Smolensk where he produces his first sculpture. Goes back to London.

    1909-1910
    Zadkine settles in Paris and studies in the ecole Nationale des Beaux-Arts.

    1911
    Zadkine presents statues and drawings at the annual Salon d'Automne and at the Salon des Indépendants. It is the 'cubists' who draw his attention in Paris.

    1912-1913
    Studies Roman sculpture. Meets Brancusi, Guillaume Apollinaire, Jacques Lipchitz, Pablo Picasso, Antoine Bourdelle, Leopold Survage and Robert Delaunay. Henri Matisse visits Zadkine's workshop.

    1914-1915
    Exhibition at the Freie Sezession in Berlin, at De Onafhankelijken in Amsterdam (Holland) and at the Allied Artists Association in London.
    Becomes friends with Modigliani.

    1916-1917
    Works as a stretcher-bearer on the front. Produces drawings and watercolours dealing with war.

    1918-1919
    Goes on with his cubic work and puts hollow and full forms against each other.
    He makes contrasting profiles.

    1920
    The first Zadkine retrospective takes place in his workshop.

    1921
    The first monograph on Zadkine's work is published by the editor of the Italian newspaper Valori Plastici, it is written by Maurice Raynal. Most of the time, Zadkine makes deconstructed stone or wooden statues, which strike by their strongly geometric, closed forms. Produces numerous watercolors and gouaches.

    1923-1925
    Several trips to Italy. Exhibition in Takenodai gallery in Tokyo Japan.

    1926
    Retrospective in Barbazanges gallery in the Parisian rue de la Boetie.

    1928
    The Zadkines settle in the white house behind the rue d’Assas ('La folie d'Assas' as Zadkine called it), it will become the Zadkine museum after the death of Valentine Prax.
    First retrospective in London.

    1930
    In his work, a new, agile and baroque style emerges, taking shape after the Second World War. Exhibition of gouaches in the Arts Club of Chicago.

    1933-1937
    Exhibitions in Chicago, Paris, Brussels, Antwerp and New York.
    First trip to the United States in 1937.

    1941-1945
    During the Second World War, Zadkine flees to the United States. He finds a workshop in New York. Exhibits in Wildenstein gallery. From 1944 on, he teaches twice a week at the Art Students League. Teaches for a while in North Carolina. In September 1945, he comes back from America 'sick, sad and penniless'.

    1948-1950
    Exhibition in the Stedelijk Museum of Amsterdam. Retrospective in the Parisian Musée National d'Art moderne. Zadkine receives the Big Sculpture Price at the Biennal event of Venice. Exhibition in the Museum Boijmans in Rotterdam.

    1955 - 1960
    Zadkine makes sculptures dedicated to Vincent Van Gogh. Presents five exhibitions, which cause stirs in Canada, where he gives lectures, as well as in the United States.
    The travelling exhibition is then presented in Seattle and San Francisco. He has innumerable exhibitions, notably in six Japanese cities.

    1961
    Big exhibition in the London Tate Gallery.

    1962
    First exhibition of tapestries (Galerie Lacloche, Paris).

    1963
    The statue Les deux Freres Van Gogh is unveiled in Zundert, Holland, Vincent van Gogh's Place of birth.

    1965 - 1966
    Big retrospective in the Kunsthaus of Zurich Switzerland.

    1967
    Ossip Zadkine dies on the 25th of November in a Parisian hospital. He is buried in the Montparnasse cemetery.